Melon fly pheromone lures are designed to attract male melon flies (Bactrocera cucurbitae), which are a type of fruit fly that can cause significant damage to fruits and vegetables. The lures work by emitting a synthetic version of the female melon fly’s sex pheromone, which is a chemical signal that female flies use to attract male flies for mating.
When the male melon flies detect the pheromone lure, they are drawn towards it and attempt to mate with it. However, since the lure is not a real female fly, the males are unable to mate with it and become trapped in the lure. This allows farmers to monitor and control melon fly populations by tracking how many flies are caught in the lure.
Pheromone lures are a safe and effective way to control melon fly populations, as they are non-toxic and do not harm beneficial insects or the environment. They are also easy to use and can be placed near crops or in traps to attract and capture male flies.